Earmarks in Politics
Earmarks in Politics as used in the USA are defined in considerable detail in Wikipedia. Around the world, the same concept applies but may use different terms including "allocated", "budgeted" or "approved expenditure". In simple terms, earmarks are the assignment or allocation of particular funding (or exemption from taxes) for a specific program or project.
Earmarks are of worldwide interest
The extent of formality of "earmarks" and similar devices in other countries varies. In some countries, an official Act of Parliament has been the process for hundreds of years - and still is.
Earmarks as Indicators
Earmarks are also very strongly the indicator of the level of success of political forces.
When funds are earmarked or allocated for a particular program or project, it is also a recognition of the influence of the person or group of persons who have been pursuing that interest. For example, if (imaginary person) Ravi Sharma represented interests who wanted to increase public housing in Mumbai, any significant allocation of funding to that program would be seen as success for "Ravi".
The use of earmarks is mentioned as part of
where werecognized that Power, Status and Influence are the keys to Politics.
In our example, "Ravi" would gain Power, Status and Influence - and thiswould probably lead to him increasing his influence - and hence hisstatus and hence his power.
Accordingly, "earmarks" or their equivalents are often the public measure of success in politics.
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